PAKISTAN: Does Sharing Test Scores with Parents Improve Student Learning?

Education is a driver of development around the world. But as many countries have found, getting children into school is only the first step in an education. Not all schools provide the same level of teaching, and children in especially poor countries may finish primary school without basic reading and math skills. With therenewed focus by development groups and governments on what children learn when they’re in school, it’s important to understand some of the factors that might motivate schools to do better and motivate parents to successfully demand better. The World Bank, as part of its commitment to quality education for all, works with policymakers to develop innovative ways to improve school quality. This requires gathering evidence on what works and why.

The evaluation found that giving parents information led to improved test scores, lower fees in the private schools in the village and higher primary school enrollment. The results indicate that when parents know how well their children are doing in school -and know how well other children are doing in different schools- it can spur better learning. Impact evaluation evidence increasingly is showing that people are motivated to demand more and better services when they have information that allows them to correctly judge the situation. 

These results show that approaches that improve performance in the private sector can simultaneously strengthen the public sector, which may have implications beyond education. The importance of meetings, given that the majority of parents were illiterate, can’t be ignored as a route for raising parental involvement and helping them understand whatis going on in the schools.


World Bank. 2016. Pakistan - Does sharing test scores with parents improve stude